Medical Dictionary Search Engines

Please be patient! It may take up to ONE minute to load all the Engines.
Problems? Please contact our support.


Search For


Specialty Search




Other encyclopedia topics: A-Ag Ah-Ap Aq-Az B-Bk Bl-Bz C-Cg Ch-Co Cp-Cz D-Di Dj-Dz E-Ep Eq-Ez F G H-Hf Hg-Hz I-In Io-Iz J K L-Ln Lo-Lz M-Mf Mg-Mz N O P-Pl Pm-Pz Q R S-Sh Si-Sp Sq-Sz T-Tn To-Tz U V W X Y Z 0-9   

Acoustic trauma

Alternative names

Injury - inner ear; Trauma - inner ear; Ear injury


Acoustic trauma is injury to the hearing mechanisms within the inner ear, caused by excessively loud noise.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Acoustic trauma is a common cause of sensory hearing loss . Damage to the hearing mechanisms within the inner ear may result from an explosion near the ear, gunshots, or long exposure to loud noises (such as loud music or loud machinery).


  • hearing loss
    • usually partial and involving high-pitched sounds
    • may be slowly progressive
  • noises, ringing in the ear ( tinnitus )

Signs and tests

A good indicator of acoustic trauma is when hearing loss follows exposure to noise. Audiometry may determine the extent of the hearing loss.


The hearing loss may not be correctable. The goal of treatment is to heal the injury and protect the ear from further damage.

A hearing aid may help the person communicate. Coping skills such as lip-reading can be learned.

Expectations (prognosis)

Hearing loss may be permanent in the affected ear(s). Ear protection may prevent the hearing loss from worsening.


  • progressive hearing loss

Calling your health care provider

Call for an appointment with your health care provider if symptoms are suggestive of acoustic trauma, or any time that hearing loss occurs or worsens.


Wear protective ear plugs or earmuffs to protect against damage from loud equipment. Be aware of risks connected with activities such as shooting guns, using chain saws, driving motorcycles, or driving snowmobiles or similar vehicles. Do not listen to loud music for long periods of time.

Update Date: 2/5/2003

Edward Chang, MD, DDS, Facial Reconstructive Surgical and Medical Center, Palo Alto California. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

©2009 [Privacy Policy] [Disclaimer]
Last updated: Tue, 06 Jan 2009 00:20:03 GMT